The websites and publications below have been used as sources for the information on this website. They are excellent resources for discovering more about the Sappers and Miners who came to Western Australia in the 19th Century.
Ancestry (subscription website)
Caledonian Martime Research Trust
Crew List Index Project (CLIP)
East Perth Cemeteries
Findmypast (subscription website)
Fold3 (subscription website)
Fremantle Welcome Walls
Kevin Asplin’s British Medals (website no longer active)
Lloyds Register of Ships
The National Archives (UK)
National Archives (Australia)
Perth Dead Persons Society, Convicts WA (website account suspended Dec 2021)
State Library of Western Australia
State Record Office of Western Australia
The Sunderland Site, Peter Searle
TROVE Newspaper Archive, National Library of Australia
Ubique, The Royal Engineers and Military Engineers of the British Empire and Commonwealth
WA Birth, Marriage & Death Indexes
Western Australian Genealogical Society, Convict Special Interest Group
Books & Journals
The Army in Australia 1840-50, M Austin.
The Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australia, Rica Erickson
Convict Discipline and Transportation, 1852-1855 (further correspondence on the subject).
A Guide to the Regiments and Corps of the British Army, J M Brereton
Henderson & Coy: Royal Engineers & The Convict Establishment, Fremantle, Western Australia 1850-1872,
Robin McKellar Campbell
The History of the Albany Convict Gaol, Its Convicts, Gaolers and Warders, 2008, Susanne Horton (compiler)
History of the Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners, T W J Connolly
Medals, The Researcher’s Guide, William Spencer
Medal Yearbook 2014, John W Mussell and ‘Medal News’
Midwest of Western Australia, Pre-1901 Pioneer Family Register, Geraldton Family History Society
The Military Establishment In Western Australia 1829-1863, E S Whitely & C G S Whiteley
My Ancestor was in the British Army, Michael J & Christopher T Watts
Officers of the Western Australian Defence Force 1861-1901, James Ritchie Grant
The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army, Henry Manners Chichester and George Burges-Short
Research Manuscripts, Trevor Smart, Sappers Association of W.A.
Royal Engineers’ Expedition to the Swan River Colony: 20th Company Royal Corps of Sappers & Miners, Lieut. Derrick Prall R.E. (deceased)
The Royal Australian Engineers 1835 to 1902, Major General R R McNicoll, CBE
Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in North-West and Western Australia, George Grey Esq.
The Veterans, a History of the Enrolled Pensioner Force in Western Australia, 1850-1880, F H Broomhall
Warders and Gaolers: A Dictionary of Western Australian Prison Officers 1829-1879, David J. Barker
Who Were the Convicts? Sandra Taylor. Studies in WA History Journal Issue 4, 1981, UWA
Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP), Battye Library, Western Australia
Passenger Arrivals in WA 1839-1890, West Australian Genealogical Society
Royal Hospital Chelsea: Soldiers Service Documents, National Archives, Kew
Surgeon Superintendents’ Journals of Convict Ships, National Archives, Kew.
The majority of the images on this website are out of copyright or are from Wikipedia Commons, but where they are not, the source has been identified if possible.